Renaissance and Revolution: Humanists, Scholars, Craftsmen and Natural Philosophers in Early Modern Europe

Portada
Judith Veronica Field, J. V. Field, Frank A. J. L. James
Cambridge University Press, 2 d’oct. 1997 - 291 pàgines
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Renaissance and Revolution is a collection of fifteen essays that open up new perspectives on some of the problems presently seen to be associated with the Scientific Revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The topics treated include the dissemination of Greek science, medical empiricism, natural history, the relations of scholars and craftsmen in various walks of life from the fifteenth to the sixteenth centuries, the so-called "mechanical philosophy" in France and England, the work of Isaac Newton, and the difficulties encountered by proponents of Newtonianism in Italy in the early eighteenth century. Figures discussed include Leonardo Fioravanti, Jan Swammerdam, Piero della Francesca, Johannes Hevelius, Jonas Moore, Robert Boyle, Isaac Newton, Christiaan Huygens, Francesco Algarotti and Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli. There is an introduction by the editors and an afterword by A. Rupert Hall. The authorship is international, largely consisting of scholars with established reputations as historians but including some newcomers. All the essays are in English.
 

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Continguts

Greek Science in the sixteenthcentury Renaissance
15
With the rules of life and an enema Leonardo Fioravantis medical primitivism
29
The cutting edge of a revolution? Medicine and natural history near the shores of the North Sea
45
Science and technology during the Scientific Revolution an empirical approach
63
Mathematics and the craft of painting Piero della Francesca and perspective
73
Johannes Hevelius and the visual language of astronomy
97
Mathematical sciences and military technology the Ordnance Office in the reign of Charles II
117
Between ars and philosophia naturalis reflections on the historiography of early modern mechanics
133
Alchemy in the Newtonian circle personal acquaintances and the problem of the late phase of Isaac Newtons alchemy
173
Newtons subtle matter the Opticks queries and the mechanical philosophy
193
Huygenss reaction to Newtons gravitational theory
203
The reception of Newtons Opticks in Italy
215
Marsigli Benedict XIV and the Bolognese Institute of Sciences
229
Retrospection on the Scientific Revolution
239
Bibliography
251
Index
273

The conscience of Robert Boyle functionalism dysfunctionalism and the task of historical understanding
147
Clandestine Stoic concepts in mechanical philosophy the problem of electrical attraction
161

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